Boyd Archaeological Field School

Amber with inclusions

Inclusions are particles of flora and fauna that got into the ancient resin and hardened for millions of years. The most common inclusions are arthropod and plant particles, vertebrates and mammals are very rare. Amber with inclusions makes up about 10% of all mined amber. The special crystalline structure of the fossil resin, air bubbles, inclusions, and different degrees of transparency make Sunstone original, and its products exclusive. Explore the captivating world of amber inclusions on and uncover the remarkable stories locked within these ancient treasures.

Insects in amber

For a drop of resin to become amber, it had to solidify and get into water, where it would not have the opportunity to dry out, oxidize and decompose. How did insects appear in amber?

A small insect stuck to the viscous resin, unable to get out. Over time, new layers of resin covered the slave, imprisoning him in a dungeon, thereby ensuring his excellent preservation for today's research. Paleontologists widely use such amber as a material for studying the structure of ancient insects. Authors of books and directors fantasize even more on the topic of amber inclusions, creating fantastic plots. Jewelers especially appreciate such stones for their exclusivity and unusualness.

Amber with inclusions

In addition to insects, other representatives of the fauna froze in the amber. Frogs, scorpions and lizards embedded in ancient resin are of great value not only to paleontologists, but also to collectors. It is difficult to imagine how such, rather large, animals got bogged down in tar ... Apparently, they were weakened by illness or clashes with enemies. Be that as it may, such inclusions in amber make up a very modest share of all world amber and are worth tens of thousands of dollars.

Arthropods are the most common inclusions in amber. But in addition to them, there are also plant inclusions: pieces of moss, tree bark, stalks, etc. Mineral inclusions are also not rare, including pyrite, air and gas bubbles. Such particles as wool, hair, feathers of animals and birds are also of interest.

It is easy to imagine that a piece of ancient resin, in which a fragment of an insect or a plant several million years old is imprisoned, will not be worth a "penny". The solar stone itself is not a cheap pleasure, but with unique inclusions it is a great value. But if you divide all the stones with inclusions, the following scale will be obtained:

Undoubtedly, in our time of high technology, people skillfully fake any stone, even amber with inclusions. Therefore, you can easily find many offers of jewelry with stones, in which you can see insects, similar to modern midges, mosquitoes, spiders. The price of such stones is quite affordable, which raises suspicions. Before buying a rare amber stone, you should make sure that the stone itself and its inclusions are real ancient fossils.